Assembly of ICOM
du Louvre, Paris, France, 16 to 20 November 1946
first series of meetings of the newly-created International
Council of Museums was held in Paris in November 1946.
were present from 14 nations (Australia, Belgium, Brazil,
Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United
States of America), from the United Nations Organization,
from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, from the International Museum Office, the
French Foreign Office, and the Swedish Legation in Paris.
addition, letters of support announcing cooperation and
the formation of National Committees were received from:
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Egypt, Finland, Greece,
Haiti, India, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, South Africa,
the first meeting of the Council, Mr Chauncey J. Hamlin,
Buffalo Museum of Science, USA, was appointed temporary
Chairman, and Mr Olbrechts temporary Secretary, and a formal
resolution was passed creating a provisional ICOM until
such time as a Constitution and By-laws were determined.
committee of 11 members was set up to consider a draft Constitution
and By-laws, which met on 16 November and produced an unanimous
18 November, the Council considered the revised draft Constitution
and By-laws in detail, and these, with certain modifications
were approved unanimously.
19 and 20 November, the Council considered in some detail
the broad lines of future policy and it was decided to set
up Committees as follows: Science Museums and Planetaria,
Museums of Art and Applied Arts, Museums of Natural History,
Museums of History of Science and Technology, Museums of
Archaeology and History and Historical Sites, Museums of
Ethnography (including folk art and culture), Zoological
Gardens, Botanical Gardens, National Parks and Forests and
Nature Reserves and Trailside Museums.
a general line of policy it was agreed that priority should
be given to the training and exchange of students and curators,
and National Committees were asked to report on training
facilities within their own regions.