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PARIS. The International Council of Museums (ICOM) announces the publication of the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk (2007), the fifth in the ICOM Red List series which aims at fighting the illicit traffic of cultural property.

Peru's cultural heritage has been constantly pillaged over the years, although it is protected by national legislation and bilateral and international instruments. Attention has long been paid to the looting of archaeological sites, but thefts are also committed in other historical and cultural places, as well as in places of worship, to fulfil a sustained market of age-old and exotic objects.

ICOM, the National Institute of Culture (INC) in Peru, and experts in Peruvian cultural heritage are mobilized to raise broad public awareness of the irremediable damage that is caused to the country and humankind through the disappearance of cultural heritage inherited from the past civilizations which made the greatness of Peru.

The Red List is an appeal to museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors to provide all the necessary guarantees of provenance for every purchase of a cultural antiquity coming from Peru. It has also been designed as a tool for police and customs officers to help them identify objects passing through the art market whose provenance could be questioned.

This Red List presents 18 categories of Peruvian cultural artefacts which are particularly at risk from looting and international illicit art trade. It cannot claim to be exhaustive however, and everyone with intent to buy an artefact from Peru is required to check very carefully its authenticity and its provenance and ownership papers.


ICOM is the international organisation of museums and museum professionals committed to the conservation, preservation and communication to society of the world's natural and cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible.

With more than 24.000 members in 147 countries, ICOM is an international network of museum professionals in all disciplines and specialisations. Through its committees which operate at national, regional and international levels, ICOM fosters dialogue between professionals and thus contributes to the development of museums.

The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State has provided ICOM with financial support for the realization of this project.

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CONTACT: Jennifer Thevenot ( / Tel.: + 33 (0) 1 47 34 91 60