Select film type appropriate for the task and equipment available.
Determine what lighting is required.
Check that color or tone of background does not clash
with or obscure the object.
Position object against background to show shape as clearly
as possible. Decide whether one viewpoint will be sufficient.
Check that texture is clearly shown and that no important
parts are in shadow.
Check that the edges of the object are clear against
Check that no hard shadows are thrown across the body
of the object.
Place scale of suitable size, preferably upright, beside
the object and about half-way back in its visible depth. Make
sure that its shadow is not cast onto the object.
Place gray scale, color scale, and information label
near, but not touching or overlapping the object. Make sure
that its shadow is not cast onto the object.
Choose viewpoint showing most information and bring camera
on a tripod to this position.
Make certain that the object is in focus.
Check that the scale appears upright in the viewfinder,
and that the information label is clearly visible.
Take light-reading on the object or on a gray card (not
Set aperture as small as possible to give sufficient
depth of field, and set shutter speed to fit that setting.
Check that camera and object are perfectly still.
Expose film, preferably using a cable release.
If practical, make exposures both one f-stop above and
one below the first exposure.
Record object and exposure and/or roll numbers in a log