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Guidelines for Disaster Preparedness in Museums

 

ACTION GUIDE 12D
Emergency services and supplies guide for museums and other cultural institutions

1.0 Staff members and alternatives to be called in case of disaster
1.1 Designated disaster team
1.2 Primary administrator
1.3 Building maintenance manager
1.4 Cataloger, registrar, or collections manager
1.5 Preservation administrator or conservator
1.6 Security guard or attendant manager

2.0 Emergency life-saving and firefighting support
2.1 Alternative firefighting system
2.2 Shelter
2.3 Life support and medical supplies for staff and public caught at the institution
2.4 Transportation of unrequired persons away from the institution when no other transportation is available

3.0 Major building protection measures
3.1 Locations of fire extinguishers
3.2 Emergency power equipment
3.3 Safety equipment
3.4 Hand tools
3.5 Construction supplies
3.6 Flashlights or torches and batteries
3.7 Communications appliances
3.8 Sandbags
3.9 Blueprints
3.10 Keys
3.11 Vehicles
3.12.0 Control points
3.12.1 Intercom centers
3.12.2 Electricity main switch
3.12.3 Gas main valve
3.12.4 Water main valve
3.12.5 Sprinkler system main valve
3.12.6 Alarm power control switch
3.12.7 Telephone main wiring system

4.0 Emergency assistance organization contacts for the fire department
4.1 Police or military unit
4.2 Hospital and ambulance unit
4.3 Bomb disposal unit
4.4 Rescue unit
4.5 Disaster preparedness/civil defense office
4.6 Rubbish removal company
4.7 Power company
4.8 Conservation center
4.9 Nearby cultural institution
4.10 Insurance company
4.11 Lawyer or legal adviser

5.0 Major emergency equipment and supplies
5.1 Portable or walkie talkie radios
5.2 Rescue equipment
5.3 Welding equipment
5.4 Automobile or battery-powered portable telephone
5.5 Transistor radios
5.6 Medical supplies
5.7 Nearest civilian broadcast radio
5.8 Electrical generator
5.9 Portable water pump
5.10 Large window or floor fans
5.11 First aid kits and other medical supplies

6.0 Supplies and equipment for mucking-out and clean-up
6.1 Detergents
6.2 Bleaches
6.3 Fungicides
6.4 Disinfectants
6.5 Ammonia
6.6 Cleaning powders
6.7 Brooms
6.8 Mops
6.9 Scoops or shovels
6.10 Sponges or rags
6.11 Buckets
6.12 Water hoses
6.13 Plastic bags

7.0 Tools and equipment for demolition and rescue
7.1 Repair kits
7.2 Hammers
7.3 Wrenches
7.4 Pliers
7.5 Screwdrivers
7.6 Wood saws
7.7 Knives
7.8 Pry bars
7.9 Axes
7.10 Rope
7.11 Handcarts
7.12 Two-wheel hand trucks
7.13 Tape measure
7.14 Hydraulic jack
7.15 Block and tackle
7.16 Water hydrant tools
7.17 Ladders

8.0 Construction materials
8.1 Plywood for windows
8.2 Plastic sheeting for waterproofing
8.3 Basic construction lumber
8.4 Nails and other fasteners
8.5 Waterproof tape
8.6 Rope
8.7 Wire

9.0 Conservation supplies and equipment suited to the nature of the collections
9.1 Polyester, mylar, and polyethylene film
9.2 Unprinted newsprint
9.3 Polyethylene bags
9.4 Plastic bags
9.5 Thymol
9.6 Acetone
9.7 Silica gel
9.8 Different tapes
9.9 Denatured alcohol
9.10 Japanese tissue
9.11 Towels
9.12 Clothes pins

10.0 Contracted and contractable emergency services such as
10.1 Electrical
10.2 Plumbing
1 0.3 Construction contractor
10.4 Storage space
10.5 Exterminator
10.6 Museum services
10.7 Library services
10.8 Conservation services
10.9 Carpenter
10.10 Freeze-drying
10.11 Refrigeration and refrigeration trucks
10.12 Locksmith
10.13 Security services
10.14 Moving services
10.15 Rubbish removal
10.16 Janitorial
10.17 Windows
10.18 Tree removal
10.19 Road repair
10.20 Roofing
10.21 Boxes and other containers
10.22 Laborers

11.0 Contract for a local company to supply perishables
11.1 Emergency food and water
11.2 Medical supplies
11.3 Batteries for flashlights and portable radios

From John Hunter, Emergency Disaster Plan, US National Park Service, Omaha, NB, 1983.

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Updated: 10 June 2005