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Guidelines for Disaster Preparedness in Museums

 

ACTION GUIDE12A
Emergency risk analysis assessment for museums and other cultural institutions

1.0 Climate risk assessment
1.1.0 From temperature
1.1.1 From sudden temperature changes or large temperature extremes
1.1.2 From special problems to collections from freezing
1.1.3 From collection damage from loss of building protection
1.1.4 From collection damage from loss of environmental controls
1.2.0 From relative humidity
1.2.1 From sudden changes or large extremes of humidity
1.2.2 From special problems to collections from high humidity
1.2.3 From collection damage from loss of environmental controls
1.2.4 From collection damage from loss of building protection
1.2.5 From collection damage from mold and mildew
1.3.0 From severe weather
1.3.1 From building damage and loss from severe weather
1.3.2 From frequent or major interruption of utility services
1.3.3 From safety of persons from severe weather on a normal day
1.3.4 From interruption of building and internal operations
1.3.5 From wind damage from flying debris
1.3.6 From other results of very bad weather

2.0 Topographical risk assessment
2.1.0 From rivers and water levels
2.1.1 From minor flooding
2.1.2 From major flooding
2.1.3 From flooding below ground level or below the water table
2.1.4 From surface water after heavy rains
2.1.5 From massive water from up stream or up grade
2.1.6 From not receiving warnings of heavy rain or flooding
2.1.7 From major rain, hail, ice, or snow
2.1.8 From loss of water supply for firefighting
2.1.9 From tidal or other unusual water phenomena
2.2.0 From the slope of land
2.2.1 From damage or loss from massive terrain from above and under what conditions
2.2.2 From damage or loss from loose or dangerous terrain from below and under what conditions
2.2.3 From shifting earth
2.2.4 From earthquakes
2.2.5 From volcanic activity

3.0 Vegetation risk assessment
3.1 From a terrain fire
3.2 From attack or infestation by wildlife, diseases, insects, rodents, bats, and birds
3.3 From windstorm damage from trees

4.0 Environmental risk assessment
4.1 From damages from a natural disaster at an adjacent structure
4.2 From damages from a fire, explosion, or chemical spill at an adjacent structure
4.3 From natural or man-made pollution

5.0 Stand-alone vulnerability assessment
5.1 From loss of roadway access
5.2 From loss of emergency vehicle access
5.3 From loss of services for several weeks
5.4 From loss of police, fire, and medical response
5.5 From loss of electrical power, telephones, gas, and water
5.6 From loss of personal access to the building

6.0 Internal building risk assessment
6.1 From an explosion
6.2 From an electrically caused fire
6.3 From a chemical spill
6.4 From loss of life from fumes of chemicals stored inside
6.5 From flooding from a water pipe break
6.6 From loss of electrical power
6.7 From loss of winter heating or heat relief
6.8 From structural collapse
6.9 From loss of external communications
6.10 From collection damage from any of the above items

7.0 Organizational risk assessment
7.1 From loss of organizational ability to operate
7.2 From loss of organizational financial budget
7.3 From loss from demonstration, strike, and work stoppage
7.4 From loss of authority of the emergency staff to act
7.5 From inability of emergency team to contract emergency services
7.6 From inability of emergency team to obtain expert advice
7.7 From inability of emergency team to control the premises
7.8 From inability of emergency team to supervise staff
7.9 From inability of emergency team to use resources
7.10 From loss of public relations and press control

From International Council of Museums, International Committee on Museum Security, Museum Security Survey, Paris, 1981.

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Updated: 10 June 2005