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ICOM News Thematic Files


> Ethics and Heritage
Focus n. 2- 2005
ICOM News n.3 Ethics and HeritageWEB LINKS and BIBLIOGRAPHY on ECOMUSEUMS
Par Clémence PERRIER-LATOUR
 

 

 


The following are web sites of different ecomuseums, open-air museums, site museums and community museums that we encountered while doing research in preparation for ICOM NEWS n°3 2005. We wish we could have mention them in this issue. Space forbidding but web site permitting, we can now do so.

Why mention these museums and not other ones?

Ecomuseums can be modest institutions. Indeed, as noted in ICOM NEWS n°3 2005, ecomuseums are adopted by fragile ethnic groups or populations that find in that form of new museology a way to conserve and preserve their heritage and culture. Many are struggling against the bullet-speed modernisation of their countries. They do not display classical or contemporary art masterpieces and cannot be found easily in big cities, although some urban examples are noteworthy. Thus, their visitors are not the usual tourist masses that drive over in air-conditioned buses. Most of the time, ecomuseums can be found far from city centers and are not of easily accessible and most of the time, they do not have official websites. They are only talked and written about by people who have visited them and have written about them on their websites.

However, ecomuseums are a big deal, being the result of kind of a small revolution movement for a new museology in the 1960's, and numerous organisations and associations are dedicated exclusively to them and to their promotion. See:


Ecomuseums based on Skansen-type ecomuseum have always been very popular in (Northern) Europe, thus several sites are easily found on this matter. See :


Knowing that, as noted above, ecomuseums are an important way through for ethnic groups at risk, it is logical to see them flourish in third-world countries like in Africa, Asia and South America, or just in places where the population feels an urgent need to reassure themselves on the values of their community for example in Native American reservations. Ecomuseums are also constructed to fight against time and loss of memory which is why some ecomuseums can be mixed with memorial. This system not only allows preserving a way of living but also to continue to live it. Indeed, ecomuseums are occupied by their inhabitants who occasionally receive "guests" (visitors). See :

This is a short list of ecomuseums around the world, those that have their own websites and some that are just mentioned in the press. But you may as well easily find information on any search engines under "ecomuseums", "site museums", "community museums" or under "ecomuseos", "museos regionales", "ecomusei"...

TANZANIA
The Village Museum (open-air museum) is featured in our latest issue through a picture of a Wabena dance performance during the Ethnic Days, a programme devised by the curators of the Village Museum, to help members of different ethnic groups, even enemy, to get together by showing their respective culture and learning more about the other's by attending it. Creating the Village Museum was also the best way the Tanzanian could find to teach population the importance of protecting their culture against illicit traffic of the community property.

Learn more about the Village Museum on

We can only highly recommend you to read Paul Msemwa and Green Nyirenda's great article about the Village Museum. We had asked them to write it for us but could not eventually fit it in the paper version of ICOM NEWS as scheduled.

CANADA
Kalyna Ecomuseum : http://kalynacountry.com/ The Cowichan and Chemainus Valleys Ecomuseum Society (at Duncan) :
http://www.duncanbc.com/ , http://tourismmall.victoria.bc.ca/Duncan/

CHINA
About ecomuseums in Guizhou, read the article by Wang Shanshan on : http://www.humanrights.cn/zt/magazine/200402004826112452.htm Norwegian Embassy article about cooperation with China on: http://www.norway.cn/environment/minorities/ecomuseum.htm

CRETE
The Lychnostasis Open-air Museum : http://www.lychnostatis.gr/english.html

FINLANDE
Seurasaari Open-air Museum : http://www.nba.fi/en/seurasaari_openairmuseum

FRANCE
Famous (famous for being among the first ecomuseums) Ecomusée de la communauté Le Creusot-Montceau : http://www.musees-bourgogne.org/les_musees/index.php?id_ville=39

MEXICO
Community museums of Oaxaca : http://www.oaxacaoaxaca.com/museums.htm Museo Regional Comunitario Cuitlahuac : http://www.cuitlahuac.org

SENEGAL
Lebou People Ecomuseum : http://www.cresp.sn/ecoyoff/Ecomusee/siteweb/default.htm
Falia ecomuseum : http://www.unesco.org/csi/act/dakar/dakar1t2.htm

SOUTH AFRICA
District Six (urban museum) : http://www.districtsix.co.za/

SWEDEN
Skansen : http://www.skansen.se/pages/?ID=221

UNITED STATES
Ak-Chin Him Dak Ecomuseum (Indian reservation in Arizona) http://www.visitphoenix.com/meeting/index.cfm?action=native&subSection=26 http://www.arizonalodging.com/nativeland/akchin.html
http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_akchin.html
Anacostia Museum (neighbourhood museum in Washington DC) : http://anacostia.si.edu/

VIET NAM
Ha Long Bay Ecomuseum
See article by Amareswar Galla entitled "Culture and Heritage in Development: Ha Long Ecomuseum, A Case Study from Vietnam" in Humanities Research, Vol. IX, No. 1, 2002, pages 63-76 (with photographs) and available online at http://rspas.anu.edu.au/heritage under "Related Links".

ZIMBABWE
Batonga museum : http://zimbabwe.ms.dk/articles/batonga_museum.htm see also interesting report on west African ecotourism and ecovillages on: http://www.dakar.unesco.org/natsciences_fr/rapport_2002/ecovillage.htm

 
 
   
Updated: 8 December 2005