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2001 "Museums: building community"


Bibliography (1970-2000)

General approaches


ARCHIBALD, Robert. A place to remember: Using history to build community. Nashville, AltaMira Press, 1999. 223 p. (AASLH series). ISBN 0-7619-8943-9.

The author, a well-known public historian, through his personal experience, explores the intersections of history, memory and community and reveals how we participate in the making and sustaining of community. He illustrates how we are active participants in the past and the role and importance of history in contemporary life. This book, which contains ideas on which to base activities, will interest museum professionals concerned in strengthening their community.

EVANS, Jessica ; BOSWELL, David (ed.). Representing the Nation: a reader. Histories, heritage, museums. London, New York, Routledge, 1999. 488 p., ill. ISBN 0-415-20870-X.

This book gathers key contributions on how the nation is constructed and represented. What role do cultural institutions play in creating and shaping our sense of national identity and of belonging to a nation? With an international perspective, the contributors investigate whether cultural artefacts can represent individuals equally, as members of a given nation.

KAPLAN, Flora Edouwaye S. Museums and the making of "ourselves": the role of objects in national identity. London; New York, Leicester University Press, 1994. xi, 430 p., ill., bibl., index. ISBN: 0-7185-1775-X.

This volume presents 14 essays which constitute case studies from countries such as Nigeria, Brazil, Australia, Saudi Arabia, etc., and examine the role of museums in creating and maintaining cultural and national identity. Museums are social institutions and, as such, agents of social change. Thought-provoking questions, considered in the context of different possible responses and solutions, are the core of this work. Can a nation lose its culture? Do Pacific Islanders really want museums? What should one do with important religious, social, political objects when ideas and contexts change? Is the establishment of a museum the best solution? Who has the right to control and manage heritage? Who can speak for culture? Is democratisation of culture a good thing? Are museums too politically correct and on the path to Disneyland?

Specific topics

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF MUSEUMS. An opening conversation about museums and community. Museums and community initiative, May 10, 2000. In : AAM News, AAM website (, 2 p.

ARDOUIN, Claude Daniel and ARINZE, Emmanuel (ed.). Museums and the community in West Africa. London, Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995. 135 p.

DAVIS, Peter. Place exploration: museums, identity, community. In : Ecomuseums, a sense of place, London, New York, Leicester University Press, 1999, p. 23-44, notes.

Dutch museums and cultural diversity: different cultures, mutual worlds, Amsterdam, Netherlands Museums Association, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, 1998, ill.

Ethnologie française Paris, PUF, tome XXIX, n° 3, juillet-septembre 1999, ill., notes, bibl. (abstracts in French, English and German).
Articles on the museum in Africa, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Canada.

' Focus on the Portuguese-speaking world, places, people = Regards sur des pays d'expression portugaise, des lieux, des gens = El mundo de habla portuguesa, lugares, comunidades'. In : Museum, Paris, Unesco, n° 161, 1989, p. 15-53, ill.

HANCOCKS, Anthea. Museum exhibition as a tool for social awareness. In : Curator, New York, The American Museum of Natural History, v. 30, n° 3, 1987. p. 181-192, bibl.

HOLO, S.R. Beyond the Prado: Museums and identity in democratic Spain. Liverpool University Press, 2000.

ICOM-CECA. The Museum and the needs of people, ICOM-CECA Annual conference, Jerusalem, Israel, 15-22 October 1991, ed. by Avshalom Zemer, Haifa, ICOM Israel, 1992. (Also in Spanish/Aussi en espagnol).

ICOM Education, Paris, CECA, n° 11 (1984), 1987, ill.

ICOM Education, Wolfratshausen, CECA, n° 16, 1997, bibl.

ICOM/ICTOP, Museums, catalysts for community development, proceedings of the annual meeting, October 28 through November 1, 1996, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

KINARD John R. The neighbourhood museum as a catalyst for social change = Le musée de voisinage, catalyseur de l'évolution sociale = El museo vecinal, catalizador de los cambios sociales. In : Museum, Paris, Unesco, n° 148, 1985, p. 217-223, ill., bibl.

Museum and communities, ICOM 1995 = Le musée et les communautés, ICOM 1995, ed. by Per Kyrre Reymert and Randi Skotheim, [Stavanger], [1996].

Museum and communities: proceedings of the Annual conference of the International Committee for Education and Cultural Action (CECA) of the International Council of Museums, Stavanger, Norway, July 1995, ed. by Eva Mæhre Lauritzen, Oslo, CECA, 1996, notes, ill.

'Museums, Literacy and Literacy Work = Musées, alphabétisme et alphabétisation = Museos, alfabetismo y alfabetización'. In : Museum, Paris, Unesco, n° 165, 1990, p. 3-28, ill.

NIGAM, M.L. On reaching the community: Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad = Le Salar Jung Museum ou comment rapprocher le musée de la collectivité = Cómo llegar a la comunidad: el Museo Salar Jung de Haiderabad, India. In : Museum, Paris, Unesco, n° 155, 1987, p. 139-144, ill.

REEVES, Andrew. The age of living museums = Musées pour cultures vivantes = Museos para culturas vivas. In : Sources, Paris, Unesco, n° 105, 1998, p. 4-5, ill.

SHAH, Anita B. The museum - a social institution of the community. In : ICOFOM Symposium Museum and Community I, Beijing, China, September 1994, ed. by Martin R. Schärer, Vevey, p. 41-46. (ICOFOM Study Series, 24).

SINGLETON, H. Raymond. Interactions: the museum at work in the community = Interactions: le musée à l'oeuvre dans la communauté. In : Museum, Paris, Unesco, v. 23, n° 2, 1970/71, p. 108-117, ill.

TABORSKY, Edwina. The sociostructural role of the museum. In : The International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship, Guildford, Butterworths, v. 1, n° 4, 1982, p. 339-345.

Updated: 30 September 2005