61st Session - 29 June 2001 - Barcelona, Spain
Proposed modifications to the ICOM Statutes
Article 2 - Definitions
- A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, and open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, material evidence of people and their environment. (a) The above definition of a museum shall be applied without any limitation arising from the nature of the governing body, the territorial character, the functional structure or the orientation of the collections of the institution concerned.(b) In addition to institutions designated as "museums" the following qualify as museums for the purposes of this definition:(i) natural, archaeological and ethnographic monuments and sites and historical monuments and sites of a museum nature that acquire, conserve and communicate material evidence of people and their environment; ii) institutions holding collections of and displaying live specimens of plants and animals, such as botanical and zoological gardens, aquaria and vivaria;(iii) science centres and planetaria; (iv) non profit art exhibition galleries (v) nature reserves;(vi) international or national or regional or local museum organizations, ministries or departments or public agencies responsible for museums as per the definition given under this article;(vii) non-profit institutions or organizations undertaking conservation, research, education, training, documentation and other activities relating to museums and museology; (viii) cultural centres that facilitate the preservation, continuation and management of tangible or intangible (living heritage) heritage resources; (ix) such other institutions as the Executive Council, after seeking the advice of the Advisory Committee, considers as having some or all of the characteristics of a museum, or as supporting museums and professional museum personnel through museological research, education or training.
Article 6 - Categories of Membership
- The members of ICOM shall be assigned to the following categories:(a) Individual Members(b) Institutional Members (c) Supporting Members(d) Honorary Members (e) Student Members
The admission of persons to the various categories of membership shall be in accordance with Article 7 (Individual, Institutional, Supporting and Student Members) and Article 8 (Honorary Members).
- Individual Members shall be persons who are either:(a) working full-time or part-time as professional museum personnel as defined in Article 2, para. 2 of these Statutes;(b) former museum professionals who have retired; or(c) within the limit of 10 per cent of the membership of a National Committee, other persons who because of their experience or because of professional services rendered to ICOM or to a programme of ICOM, or to a National or an International Committee, are deemed to be worthy of membership of ICOM.
- Institutional Members shall be museums or other institutions complying with the definition of a museum set out in Article 2, para. 1 of these Statutes, or organizations to which museums belong or on which they are dependent.
- Supporting Members shall be persons or institutions that support ICOM and its objectives because of an interest in museums and in international co-operation between museums.
- Honorary Members shall be persons who have rendered exceptional services to the international museum cause or to ICOM.
- Student members shall be persons admitted to this category of membership by a National Committee in accordance with guidelines established by the Executive Council. Student members shall have no right to vote or to be candidate for election to any office within ICOM.
Article 7 - Applications for Membership
- With the exception of Honorary Members, all persons or institutions wishing to become members of ICOM shall make application in writing in the manner prescribed by the rules for the particular category of membership sought.
- Applications for Individual, Institutional, Supporting and Student Membership may be sent to the Secretary-General or to the National Committee of the country of residence of the applicant (where such a Committee exists). Applications received by the Secretary-General will be submitted to the appropriate National Committee where one exists. Applications from persons seeking Individual Membership under Article 6, para. 2 (c) shall be accompanied by a statement in support of the application.
- The National Committee in question shall consider all such applications and accept or reject them, solely on the basis of the criteria set out in Article 6, paras. (2), (3) and (4) and (6) and without discrimination of any kind, other than that prescribed in para. 5 of this Article.
- In the event that there is no National Committee established in the country of permanent residence of an applicant, the application shall be referred to the Executive Council for decision.
Article 21 - Advisory Committee
- The functions of the Advisory Committee are:(a) to advise the Executive Council and the General Assembly on any matter relating to the policy, programme, procedures and finances of ICOM;(b) to receive and approve the audited accounts for the preceding year, and the annual budget for the current year, presented by the Treasurer;(c) to select the candidates for election to the Executive Council;(d) to consider and advise on any proposed amendments to the Statutes of ICOM in accordance with Article 29;(e) to do such other things as are required by these Statutes.
- The quorum for a meeting of the Advisory Committee shall be 50% of the membership present in person or by proxy. If this quorum is not reached the Advisory Committee shall again be convened at the same place within twenty-four hours. Whatever the number of members then present, the deliberations of the Advisory Committee shall be valid. The Chairperson of the Advisory Committee and the Chairpersons (or their appointed representatives) of the National and International Committees and Affiliated Organizations, may each exercise one vote. A person who holds more than one position as Chairperson may vote on behalf of each such Committee or Organization. Matters shall be decided by a simple majority of those present and voting. In the event of an equality of votes, the Chairperson of the Advisory Committee may exercise a casting vote.
13a. If a matter that has been discussed at a meeting of the Advisory Committee cannot be decided at that meeting because of the need for further study or information, the Chairperson of the Advisory Committee may subsequently submit the matter to the members of the Committee for decision out of session. In these circumstances, the proposal will be submitted to the members of the Committee in writing, specifying a date by which a response must be received. Voting may be by post, by facsimile, or by e-mail and the matter shall be decided by a simple majority of those whose votes are received by the specified date.
Article 22 - Executive Council
- The Executive Council shall consist of sixteen members of ICOM of whom fifteen shall be elected by the designated voting representatives of National and International Committees and Affiliated Organizations for a three-year term. The Chairperson of the Advisory Committee shall, ex officio, be a member of the Executive Council. Of the fifteen members elected, four will be Officers and eleven Ordinary Members of the Council. The Officers shall be the President, two Vice-Presidents and the Treasurer. The ballot shall be conducted during the General Assembly in accordance with Article 27, and the results shall be announced at the Assembly. The mandate of the elected members of the Executive Council shall extend from the close of an ordinary session of the General Assembly to the end of the next ordinary session of the General Assembly.
Article 27 - Election of Executive Council
- The Chairperson of the Advisory Committee shall be the Elections Officer of ICOM and shall oversee the conduct of the elections and certify that the prescribed procedures have been followed.
- The Secretary-General shall, at least three months prior to the meeting of the Advisory Committee at which the candidates for election to the Executive Council are to be selected, write to the Chairperson of each National Committee, International Committee and Affiliated Organization inviting nominations of persons (being Individual Members or designated representatives of Institutional Members of ICOM) as candidates for election as Officers and Ordinary Members of the Executive Council. Each nomination must be signed by persons other than the nominee.
- The Advisory Committee shall, by vote, select from among the persons nominated, no more than thirty names for inclusion in the list of candidates for election to the Executive Council. The list shall be drawn up in two parts. Part A shall include the names of candidates for election as Officers of the Council. Part B shall include the names of candidates for election as Ordinary Members of the Council. A candidate for one of the Officer positions shall not also be a candidate for election as an Ordinary Member of the Council.