Brinkman, Secretary General
is in a very healthy situation. There are more members every
year, more activities from both the committees and the Secretariat
in collaboration with them. The financial situation is sound.
ICOM is more visible.
Although membership went up during the last triennium, with
3% on the average, there remain issues to reflect upon.
Europe's presence in the membership constitutes 77% of the
total membership. The other regions trailed behind.
financial situation is healthy. A safe reserve fund has been
preserved. ICOM is to a great extent dependent on its membership
fees, but considerable funds have been raised outside ICOM
for its special projects, among which the major ones were:
The Red List of African Archaeological Objects: 68 000
Conference on Cultural Tourism in Latin America: 1 500
Launching of AFRICOM: 690 000 FF
The Conference on the Protection of Cultural Heritage
in Southeast Asia: 265 000 $
Nubia Museum/Training Centre: 235 000 $
ICOM Arab meeting: 70 000 $
October 1999 AFRICOM was established. When the final voting
had ended, members of the board had been elected and Nairobi
had been chosen as the headquarters, we had the feeling
that we had witnessed the coming true of a dream that many
people in ICOM fostered for years. Thanks to the efforts
of many African museum-professionals over the years the
inaugural meeting could be held in Lusaka. ICOM had put
a lot of energy in helping the creation of AFRICOM and it
is with great pride that we can announce to have established
a pan-continental African organization of museums that will
closely collaborate with ICOM in the future. The birth of
AFRICOM was a highlight, but there was more:
fight against Illicit Traffic has continued with the publication
in 2000 of the Red List of African Archaeological Objects,
which identifies the objects particularly at risk from looting.
In 2001 a new publication "Looting in Europe" was added
to the series "One Hundred Missing Objects". In 2001 a meeting
on the protection of the cultural heritage for all South
East Asian countries was organised in Vietnam. The prevention
of Illicit Traffic was one of its main themes. Museum-professionals,
police and custom officers from ten South East Asian countries
attended. In 2000 two Memorandums Of Understanding were
signed, one with Interpol and one with the World Customs
Organization, both with the aim of sharing knowledge and
information with regard to illegal trade in cultural objects.
ICOM has already worked closely with Interpol. Every issue
of ICOM-News shows stolen objects on the back cover
and Interpol provides the information about them. There
is also cooperation as regards Interpol's CD-ROM of stolen
objects. The size of the illicit traffic and the growing
awareness of the seriousness of the problem make it absolutely
necessary for ICOM to continue and even strengthen its activities
in this field.
took up one of the key items of the Triennial Programme,
Cultural Tourism, by organizing a major conference in 2000
in Peru and Bolivia on Cultural Tourism in Latin America.
120 participants met and specialists presented papers to
address the challenges of developing tourism while at the
same time avoiding the negative aspects of mass-tourism.
As a result a book has been published by ICOM: "Museums,
Heritage and Cultural Tourism" with the proceedings of the
workshop, all the papers presented and the recommendations.
and partnership have been key words in the Secretariat's
ICOM's aim is to organize its activities more and more in
close collaboration between various ICOM bodies. The Conference
on Cultural Tourism was organized in close cooperation with
the National Committees from Peru and Bolivia and the Secretariat
in Paris. The meeting on the Protection of the Cultural
Heritage in South East Asia was a joint venture between
ASPAC and ICOM's Secretariat with contributions of the relevant
international committees. Meetings and workshops in the
Arab world have been organized in collaboration with ICOM-Arab
and the relevant National Committees.
The official ties with ICCROM in Rome have been strengthened.
ICOM continues to work closely together with ICOMOS, ICA
and IFLA in the framework of the Blue Shield. ICOM has been
collaborating closely with UNESCO in various activities:
the fight against Illicit Traffic; the 1954 Hague Convention
on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed
Conflict (and specifically its Second Protocol); the training
programs of museum-personnel in Egypt and activities in
ICOM's future lies in sharing and co-operating. Ideally
all our future activities should be the product of a cooperation
between various bodies of ICOM: the committees, the policy
making bodies, the Secretariat.
and cooperating is all about communicating. Communication
has been at the core of the Secretariat's attention. A person
responsible for the Internet has been employed and ICOM's
Website has been redesigned in 2001.
ICOM News has been and still is our permanent contact
with the members. It has been produced four times a year
and gives a lot of information on the activities of ICOM
and ICOM's partners. The Study Series, produced by
the International Committees serve as a contribution to
the theoretical debate within the organization.
Secretariat has been reorganised in the past triennium.
A new Communication Unit has been established with three
people. This unit is responsible for public relations, publications
and ICOM's Website. The Special Project Unit now consists
of two project specialists.
An important event in ICOM was the establishment of the
ICOM Task Force for Renovation (RTF). This RTF was constituted
in 1999 and produced a series of recommendations and a Strategic
Action Plan that will lead ICOM towards a process of fundamental
renewal (a more detailed account is to be found elsewhere
in this report). The Secretariat put much effort into providing
the necessary information to support the RTF.
the fall of 2000 ICOM managed in close collaboration with
the J. Paul Getty Trust to receive the right to establish
the Internet Top Level Domain name <.museum> (dot museum).
This new TLD is intended to give museums the possibility
of registering Internet addresses with a distinct museum
identity and will allow users of the Internet to recognize
this as a sign of authenticity. Registration in <.museum>
will be restricted to museums and museum organizations according
to the definition established by ICOM. It was great news
for the museum-community because <.museum> offers a range
of challenges for museums all over the world.
the Secretariat we were especially honored when the German
Committee visited Paris. It was an excellent initiative
that offered an opportunity to meet and visit ICOM's offices,
but also to meet with the members of the French Committee.
It was also a great chance to meet our national committee
of Yugoslavia in Belgrade at a time when the country was
still isolated from the rest of the world. Despite the boycott
the committee worked very hard with its limited means to
make ICOM a success in the country. It is exactly this spirit
that makes ICOM so strong. Knowing that we are not alone
because we are sharing a common mission gives us ICOM power
all over the world.
are important for ICOM. They have always been. Combined
efforts lead to combined strength, which is all in the interest
of our common heritage. It is true that ICOM's partners
all have various aims and goals, but there are many parallels
in the mission-statements of each and it is exactly there
where collaboration is the most effective.
has a long-standing relationship with UNESCO. ICOM's Secretariat
is accommodated in UNESCO's offices.
Both organizations maintain the UNESCO-ICOM Information
Centre. ICOM signs a biennial framework agreement with UNESCO.
The first agreement was signed in 1996, the second in 1998
and the third in 2000. ICOM assisted the Egyptian Museum
sector within the framework of UNESCO's International Campaign
for the Establishment of the Nubia Museum in Aswan and the
National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in Cairo. For the
details: see the report of the Programme Activities Sector.
The Secretary General contributed to UNESCO meetings on
the Protection of Cultural Heritage orally and in writing;
members of the Secretariat were present at the relevant
UNESCO meetings. Close contact exists between the Cultural
Heritage Division of UNESCO and ICOM; there are consultations
on a regular basis.
Patrick Boylan represented the International Committee of
the Blue Shield during the meeting on the Second Protocol
to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural
Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. ICOM's Secretary
General was also present.
ICOM collaborated on various occasions with UNESCO in the
framework of the fight against Illicit Traffic.
of the Blue Shield (ICBS)
collaborates with the International Council on Monuments
and Sites (ICOMOS), the International Council on Archives
(ICA) and the International Federation of Library Associations
and Institutions (IFLA) in the framework of the ICBS. See
for details the report of the Programme Activities Sector.
was represented in ICCROM's administrative meetings by the
chairperson of the International Committee for Conservation.
To strengthen the ties between the two organizations the
President of ICOM attended ICCROM's board meetings and a
representative of ICRROM attended Executive Council meeting
of ICOM. The Secretary General visited ICCROM in 2000 to
discuss opportunities for joint activities. Both the President
and the Secretary General met with the former and with the
present Director General of ICCROM.
helped establish AFRICOM as an independent pan-African organisation.
After its official establishment it became ICOM's partner
in Africa. ICOM cooperated with AFRICOM in projects in Africa.
For details see the report of the Programme Activities Sector.
The J. Paul Getty Trust
and the J. Paul Getty Trust have set up "Musedoma", the
organisation that will manage the top level domain <.museum>.
The ICOM Foundation
Foundation was renewed during the 84th session of the Executive
Council in July 1995. The Foundation then proceeded to elect
its Bureau in November 1995 in compliance with the statutes.
The members of the Bureau are:
Christine Boël (Belgium), President
Hubert Landais (France), Vice-President
Sylvia Omura-Pestalozzi (Switzerland), Treasurer
Anton Pestalozzi (Switzerland) and Giuseppe Panza di Biumo
(Italy) were appointed as Honorary Members.
This Bureau is still functioning. Since the 19th ICOM Conference
in Melbourne (Australia), the Foundation has continued its
programme "Jewellery from the Five Continents", produced
in collaboration with the Réunion des Musées Nationaux of
France (RMN), in aid of both the ICOM Foundation and the
profits from this programme, in addition to a few donations,
have enabled the ICOM Foundation to give 9,000 dollars to
the Organising Committee of the ICOM 2001 Conference in
the Friends of the ICOM Foundation paid directly to the
ICOM 1997 Conference the sum of 97,626 French francs in
1999, 2000 and 2001.
the ICOM Foundation is on the point of sending to the National
Museum of Phnom Penh the sum of 3,335.17 dollars collected
on its behalf.